Look after your teeth, and you can be sure that you will always have a great looking smile. How do you do that? Simple. Just brush and floss properly, cut down on sugary snacks, use a fluoride toothpaste and visit your dentist regularly. |t’s the best way to prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

Everything you eat affects how healthy your mouth is. So what are the best things to eat? Fresh foods like fruit, vegetables and cereals are best for you, and your teeth. But nobody’s perfect. If you like sugary foods, try to eat them only at meal times. Some fizzy drinks like cola can be loaded with sugar and may cause tooth decay. Also, some sports drinks, orange and lemon juice contain acids that may help erode the enamel surface. So, if you drink them often,chew sugar—free gum afterwards.

Chewing gets the saliva going, which is your mouth’s natural cleanser.

 

Plaque — what it is and what it does

Your mouth contains many different types of bacteria both good and bad. Every day, the bacteria turns into plaque on your teeth and gums. If you don’t get rid of the plaque, you’ve got more chance of developing tooth decay and gum disease.


Tooth decay - how to prevent it

Every one of your teeth is protected by a strong outer layer of enamel. Below the enamel is another layer called dentine. And inside the dentine is a chamber that holds the nerve and blood tissue, which is called pulp.


Enamel and dentine can be eroded by acid that’s made by the bacteria in plaque. The bacteria make this acid when you eat sugary foods and this is what leads to tooth decay. Tooth decay is called ‘caries’. There are 3 common types:


The best defence against caries is to cut down on sugary foods and not to eat them so often. It’s also important to use a fluoride toothpaste me to brush end nose your teeth regularly to remove plaque.


Gum disease - how to recognise and prevent it

Gingivitis

Nearly 75% of people over the age of 35 have had, or now have, gum disease.

The early stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. It is reversible, but it may be difficult for you to detect.Symptoms may include gum tenderness and bleeding when you floss or brush. To avoid gingivitis, itʼs vital that you remove plaque by brushing twice a day and flossing daily. Even if your gums bleed, don't stop brushing and flossing the tendency to bleed should stop after a few days, If it doesn't, talk to your dentist or hygienist. They can recommend a personal care plan to help avoid gingivitis.


If you are pregnant...

Maintain a well-balanced, healthy diet and you will provide your baby with essential nutrients for development, including teeth and gums.

During pregnancy you may be more susceptible to gingivitis. This is because hormone fluctuations lower your body's resistance to plaque. Brushing twice a day and flossing daily will help to avoid gingivitis.

lt’ s also important that you visit your dentist regularly during your pregnancy.

Periodontitis

If you don't treat gingivitis it may advance to become periodontitis, which may result in the loss of teeth.

These symptoms are not necessarily painful, but periodontitis can lead to loss of the gum and bone tissues that support your teeth, and you can end up losing your teeth. That’s why it’s so important that you see your dentist and hygienist regularly to prevent gum disease.


 

What the professionals recommend

Dental professionals agree that the best defence against tooth decay and gum disease is to follow an effective oral hygiene routine. They also understand that some oral hygiene products work better than others. Ask your dentist or hygienist to help you decide which products are right for you.

 

Manual toothbrushes


 

Power toothbrushes

There are two main technologies for power toothbrushes available today and Oral-B offers both.

Oscillating Rotating

In a recent review by the Oral Health Group of the Citroen Collaboration, this technology was proven to remove more plaque and reduce gingivitis more effectively than manual toothbrushes. No other power toothbrush designs were consistently superior to manual toothbrushes.

Sonic

Based upon the traditional design of a manual toothbrush, sonic toothbrushes offer an alternative for those who prefer a more familiar brushing experience.

Ask your dentist or hygienist for more information about power toothbrushes and how they can improve your oral health.


 

How to use a manual toothbrush

1 Clean each tooth individually
2 Keep the brush at a 45 degree angle, right where the tooth and gum meet
3 Brush gently in a circular motion
4 Don't forger the inner front surfaces— you can target them by holding your brush upright and brushing up and down
5 For fresher breath, brush your tongue too!


 

How to use a power toothbrush

1 Guide the brush head slowly over each tooth for a few Seconds
2 Follow the curve of the gum and the shape of each tooth
3 There's no need to press hard - the brush will do the work for you


 

How to Clean between teeth

No matter how often you brush your teeth or for how long, youʼre only halfway there. Brushing reaches only three out of five tooth surfaces. Flossing is the only way to clean all the surfaces of the teeth and minimise the risk of decay.

1 Take about 18 inches of floss and wrap it around the middle fingers of each hand
2 Use your index finger and thumb to position the floss between your teeth
3 Curve the floss around each individual tooth in a C shape, and slide the floss up and down, removing plaque and bacteria
4. Wind on a new piece of floss for the spaces between your teeth


Hummingbird

The new Oral-B Hummingbird is designed for comfortable, effortless flossing even in hard to reach places. Itʼs an interchangeable tooth—pick and flosser that gently vibrates to stimulate your gums. |t’s small, neat and battery powered, so you can take it with you anywhere.


Super Floss

If you have a dental bridge the area can be kept clean by using Oral-B Super Floss to remove plaque. This unique three component floss has a stiffened end to insert under the bridge and a soft, textured piece to clean plaque away. The other end of the Oral-B Super Floss is regular floss for use in other areas of the mouth.


 

How to deal with tooth sensitivity


If the gum recedes from the tooth, the root surface becomes exposed. The root surface of the tooth is made mm a time Canned demean, which as more Sensate than enamel. Due to this increased sensitivity, you may experience an unusually strong reaction to hot and cold food and drinks.

Your dentist or hygienist can advise you on how to avoid tooth sensitivity. This may include using a toothpaste containing fluoride that will protect exposed root surfaces that are at risk of developing tooth decay.

 

How to control the build up of staining

Teeth can discolour for a number of reasons. Stains on the outside of the teeth may be caused by

Your dentist or hygienist may remove surface stains when polishing your teeth. Tooth brushing will remove some surface stain from teeth and whitening toothpastes that contain a mild abrasive can also help.

 

Dental procedures

Fillings

When part of your tooth is lost to decay or has broken away, the dentist needs to replace the missing surfaces The dentist may use a variety of materials such as
amalgam or composite resin (plastic material) to restore your tooth.

Crowns

Your dentist may recommend a crown to restore a tooth that has a large filling or has a large part of the tooth that has decayed. A crown envelops the tooth like a
thimble covering a thumb. It is then permanently cemented onto the tooth and is made of either a porcelain or metallic material.

Bridges

Dental bridges are used to link the gap caused by one or more missing teeth. They are cemented to the natural teeth on either side, again in either ceramic or metallic material.


Implants

Implants are another procedure designed to fill the space of a missing or lost tooth, or to hold lower dentures in place. During the procedure metal posts are surgically attached to the jawbone. Replacement teeth are then fixed to these posts.